In response to the Palestinian Authority's outright rejection of President Donald Trump's peace plan for Israelis and Palestinians, Jared Kushner, a top adviser to the president, his son-in-law, and considered a leading force in formulating the plan, is firing back.
The protests, including isolated clashes, underscored the depth of frustration with a proposal seen as overwhelmingly supportive of Israeli objectives that was drafted with no Palestinian input.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas will speak in the United Nations Security Council in the next two weeks about the U.S. Middle East peace plan, Palestinian U.N. envoy Riyad Mansour said on Wednesday. The Palestinian leadership has boycotted Trump's efforts, considering him biased after major steps such as recognizing disputed Jerusalem as Israel's capital.
It also offers U.S. approval for Israel to annex the strategically crucial Jordan Valley - which accounts for around 30 percent of the West Bank - as well as other Jewish settlements in the territory.
Palestinians were not involved in drafting the plan. Hamas, the Islamist militant group which controls Gaza, said "all options are open" but refrained from firing rockets. Jordan reaffirmed its commitment to a Palestinian state along the 1967 lines and warned against any annexation.
Trump noted that he has done a lot for Israel.
In the West Bank city of Bethlehem, demonstrators threw rocks at Israeli border guards who responded by firing tear gas.
The White House plan says "there shall be no right of return by, or absorption of, any Palestinian refugee into the state of Israel".
"Trump thinks he controls the world and other countries".
"This is a historic opportunity to draw Israel's future borders", Gantz said of the White House proposal during an address at an Institute for National Security Studies conference.
What's left - the areas to the east and the north of the barrier - would become available for a capital of a future Palestinian state according to the plan.
Those terms were warmly received by some in Israel.
The plan would further allow Israel to immediately annex virtually all its illegal settlements in the occupied West Bank, on the promise to not build more such settlements during the period of negotiations.
Netanyahu has embraced it.
But the head of Israel's leftwing coalition Labour-Gesher-Meretz, Amir Peretz, condemned Mr Netanyahu's expected move towards "unilateral annexations".
"It is meant to help Prime Minister Netanyahu survive his current political and legal struggles as well as to shore up support for President Trump among pro-Israel voters in his re-election campaign", said Michele Dunne, a former State Department specialist on the Middle East now at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Meanwhile, on the streets of Tel Aviv, some residents voiced concern that Trump had paid no attention to what the Palestinians actually want.
But its implementation could be delayed until Israel forms a permanent government, something that has eluded its fractious political parties for the previous year. Palestinian residents of the area now live under Israeli military rule, which imposes restrictions on construction and movement that do not apply to residents of nearby Jewish settlements.
Oman, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates attended Trump's remarks - an indication they're not rejecting the plan entirely. Palestinians call this the Nakba ('catastrophe').